Non Muslims Under Shar'ah
But for the purpose of this book, we shall dwell upon numbers three and four to discuss the rights of non-Muslims under Shariah, the subject which has generated so much doubts and misgivings in the minds of Muslims and non-Muslims alike.
The Shariah imposes four kinds of rights and obligations for all those who will be governed by it: The Rights of Allah (Huquq-Allah). The Right of an individual towards himself (Huquq-al-Nafs). The rights of all human beings over him (Huquq-ala-Ibad). The rights of putting to proper use all Allah resources and bounties which Allah has placed in his service. (Khalifat Allah alal ard). There is so much guidance in respect of each one of the above classifications in Islamic scriptures that they would form a subject of voluminous books. But for the purpose of this book, we shall dwell upon numbers three and four to discuss the rights of non-Muslims under Shariah, the subject which has generated so much doubts and misgivings in the minds of Muslims and non-Muslims alike. About the Author Professor ‘Abdur-Rahman I Doi died on 8 Dhul-Hijjah, 1419 (May 26, 1999) in Madras. Born in Ahmadabad, India, he had great experience in researching, lecturing and administration. In 1965 he redesigned the syllabus of Islamic studies for the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. At the University of Ife in Nigeria, he produced multiple works of African societal studies, including: Nigeria: A Case Study, Islam in Nigeria; Shehu Uthman Dan Fodio: The Great Mujahid and Mujaddid of Africa. He also held positions at the Ahmado Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, the International Islamic University of Malaysia and the Rand Afrikaans University in South Africa, where he also established the Dar as-Salaam Islamic Research Center. He worked hard to provide Muslim students with reliable Islamic texts and syllabi and make them aware of the subtle dangers of Orientalist writings. He was 66 years of age at the time of his death and left behind a wife, two sons and a daughter.